Lubricants Round-Up: What to Use, Where to Use It
Published: Saturday, September 12, 2020
By: John Tiger
The array of engine and drive lubricants, oils, sprays, and fuel treatments at your local marine parts store or dealer can be intimidating. As winter approaches, soon it will be time to prep your rig for a long nap. Here’s a primer on what to use and where to use it.
Obviously, for four stroke engines, this goes in the engine crankcase to lubricate the inner workings (crankshaft, pistons/rings, bearings, and camshaft). In a two-stroke, it’s either poured into the oil injection tank or, for older engines, mixed directly with the fuel. Synthetics are typically better and can help your engine last longer, but they’re more expensive. What’s important:
- Buy the right oil for your engine. There are oils specially formulated for inboards and stern drives (essentially car engines in boats), PWC, and four stroke outboards. There are also specially formulated oils for two stroke engines, depending on whether the oil is mixed in the fuel or injected from a separate tank. This may be especially important if your engine’s under warranty. Use the manufacturer’s recommended oil, if possible.
- Don’t skimp on oil quality. Buy name brand oils only; look for the TC-W3 rating on outboard oils. You may save a few bucks on the oil but, if it damages your engine, that cost far outweighs any savings.
As with engine oil, but the right stuff for your drive. Synthetics are better and can help the gears and bearings in your drive/gearcase last longer but, again, are more expensive. Ask your dealer if you are in doubt.
Power Trim/Tilt and Power/Hydraulic Steering Fluid
Be especially careful here. For sure, only buy what your unit’s manual and your dealer recommend, and don’t mix types, brands, or purposes. Don’t use power trim fluid in the hydraulic steering system, for example. Keep an extra bottle handy in your boat’s storage area (in a leak proof storage container) and in your garage or shop to top off, if necessary.
Waterproof, synthetic, extreme-duty grease is best for lubricating engine steering and trim/tilt pivot points as well as trailer bearings. Keep a spare grease gun and a few cartridges handy in your tow vehicle in case of emergency or just to top off.
Very important stuff—this can save a lot of headaches caused by high ethanol content in fuel, or injector/carburetor gumming and contamination problems caused by long layups (longer than a couple months). Use it liberally in a tank of fuel; it’s inexpensive and really does help keep your boat’s fuel system clean.
“Engine Tune in a Can”
Sold by outboard manufacturers as well as others, this solvent helps keep piston rings and pistons from “coking” with hard carbon deposits, which can lead to loss of compression (and resulting loss of power), ending in engine failure. Each manufacturer calls it something different: Power Tune (Quicksilver Mercury), Engine Tuner (BRP Evinrude), Ring Free (Yamaha), etc. Apply liberally once per season and your engine will last longer with more power.
This is typically available at marinas and auto parts stores. Spraying this on the engine’s electrical parts (coils, spark plug wires, etc.) can help provide a “film” to keep corrosion and age/brittleness away. It’s particularly helpful in salt water areas, but shouldn’t be overlooked on the Great Lakes.
These (silicone spray, WD-40, etc.) can be sprayed just about anywhere moving parts work together or rub on each other to keep corrosion from causing parts to rust, stick together, and break when used. Again, this is especially useful in salt water environments, such as winter traveling down south over the off-season. They’re great for throttle shafts, tilt levers, engine cowling/cover latches and levers, and, of course, anywhere on a trailer (winch, tongue jack, lights, etc.).
These lubricants are used to loosen stuck bolts, screws, and nuts. It’s best to spray them on a stuck part, then wait a bit to allow the penetrant to soak in between the two parts.
For those who wish to keep their engine looking new, a can of this helps keep corrosion at bay—and your engine’s value up. A can of zinc chromate primer paint applied before the actual color touch-up paint will help that paint last a bit longer.
Any boat owner worth their salt will have these and more in their arsenal of boat and engine maintenance products. Keeping them new is also a must; after a few years of sitting in your shop, they won’t be as effective as when new, so replace as needed.